UEFI BIOS

Uefi

UEFI BIOS in FORSIS industrial PCs

FORSIS is currently converting the industrial computer series to the INTEL CORE-i SKYLAKE CPU generation. You can find further information here.

This change of the system board not only brings the technical advantages of the new CPU generation with it, but also a change in the BIOS from LEGACY to UEFI. You will find further information below.

Translated, BIOS stands for "central input and output system."

This means a control unit that manages and controls the individual components of the computer, e.g. the CPU.
The main task of the BIOS is to make the computer operational. When the system is started, the BIOS initializes the individual components on the mainboard of the PC and then checks the functionality of the PC.
It then transfers control of the PC to the operating system installed on the computer. The BIOS can also be used to change system settings and to switch individual components and interfaces on and off.

A uniform, expandable firmware interface.

The basic tasks of UEFI are basically the same as with the BIOS, but it also offers some additional functions. UEFI was launched on the initiative of Intel, AMD, Microsoft, Hewlett-Packard and other hardware manufacturers. The aim was to develop an interface that is easier to use and that makes better use of the graphic capabilities of modern hardware than the conventional BIOS. On Windows computers, UEFI is only used on a 64-bit operating system.

  • The BIOS is limited to the VGA resolution, i.e. pure text mode and must be operated with the keyboard. UEFI, on the other hand, can partly be operated by mouse, usually depending on the board.
  • UEFI contains all the important drivers that Windows needs to start the system. This enables e.g. a faster boot because the UEFI BIOS has included a standard driver for the network card. In addition, access to the network without an operating system is possible, e.g. to download and install firmware updates.
  • Updates can be loaded and installed directly with UEFI - with the BIOS, the update must first be downloaded to a computer and only then can the BIOS be programmed
  • Hard disks are partitioned differently with UEFI: Instead of just 4 primary partitions (BIOS), UEFI can set up up to 128 partitions
  • UEFI can be processed up to Z-byte large storage media (BIOS: 2.2 TByte = 32BIT)
  • UEFI offers extended security functions such as support for the TPM chip and Secure Boot

The goal of TPM: Only software that is considered trustworthy is permitted on the system. In this way, viruses and malware should be combated consistently. The data is also stored on the computer in encrypted form.

The requirements for TPM:
A special chip (TPM) and an operating system that supports this technology, e.g. WIN10.
Microsoft requires device manufacturers to equip the Trusted Platform Module with WIN10 as the operating system, which is currently still voluntary.
A device with a TPM chip, a specially adapted operating system and the corresponding software together form a trusted computing platform (TC platform). Such a "trustworthy platform" can no longer be used against the interests of the manufacturer.

Secure Boot is part of the UEFI specification, which is supposed to guarantee the authenticity or the authenticity of important software parts of the firmware. Critical parts of the firmware, such as the OS loader, should only be executed if they have been previously authorized by a trustworthy institution. Among other things, this excludes rootkits that implant themselves before the operating system (OS) is booted.

ATTENTION: Update ability from WIN7 to WIN10 - software distribution

There are restrictions when upgrading from WIN7 to WIN10. Only LEGACY MODE can be used. The intention to operate WIN10 in UEFI MODE requires the reinstallation of WIN10. This is due on the one hand to the partition management and on the other hand to the fact that various driver elements are integrated in the UEFI BIOS. When using a software distribution that is organized on the basis of PXE Boot, the PXE server must also support UEFI BIOS.

You can find more background information on the changeover, but also basic information on the INTEL CPU CORE-i series, in the article SKY LAKE architecture.

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